1 It was a sad day that deprived Hungary of its most powerful protector and most sympathetic proponent of its cause in the Austrian empire Queen Elisabeth. Statue of Queen Elisabeth in Mátyás Church She was a great beauty, called the guardian angel of Hungary. In June 1867, the Duchess Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie of Bavaria, of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and the House of Wittelsbach, consort of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, had been crowned Queen of Hungary in an unprecedented dual ceremony in which her husband was also made King of Hungary. The country estate of Gödöllı, the largest baroque manor house in Hungary, was a coronation present from the Hungarian people. She was a spirited, lively young woman, whose temperament was more in line with that of her Hungarian subjects. She admired their forthrightness and adherence to principle so much that she learned Hungarian, read the works of Hungarian authors (including A Date in Hungarian History: September 10, 1898 Erika Papp Faber the poems of Vörösmarty and Jókai s novels) and preferred having Hungarian ladies-in-waiting with whom she conversed in their native language. Treated as an outsider by her domineering mother-in-law, the Archduchess Sophie, Queen Elizabeth could sympathize with her Hungarian subjects. After giving birth to two daughters, both of whom the Archduchess took away from her charge, the birth of a male heir, Prince Rudolf, in 1858 gave her greater standing and increased her influence at Court. She sided with Count Andrássy Gyula who, with Deák Ferenc was trying to work out an accommodation with the ruling Hapsburgs who had crushed the Hungarian bid for freedom in 1849, and had imposed a military dictatorship. An era of persecution, imprisonment and execution had followed. But the Hungarian people responded with passive resistance non-payment of taxes, avoiding military service, pretending ignorance of the German language even by those who were fluent in it. These and similarly obstructive efforts eventually paralyzed the workings of the huge Austrian bureaucracy, and it became obvious that the absolutist system was self-defeating. Deák and Andrássy waited and worked to achieve some kind of acceptable compromise solution to the impasse which eventually became the Compromise of 1867, establishing the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy. Queen Elizabeth used her persuasive powers to influence the Emperor and promote the Magyar cause. She urged him to grant concessions to the Magyars. Consequently, her Magyar subjects adored her, and she was greeted with great jubilation when she visited Hungary. She spent so much time in Gödöllı and Buda that her Austrian and Slav subjects complained that she neglected them. Elizabeth had been only 16 years of age when she was married to Franz Joseph, and from a carefree youth had been plunged in to the rigorously circumscribed life at Court. Not being allowed to exercise her maternal role, and always made to feel like an outsider, she began to travel almost incessantly to avoid Court functions and escape society. She crisscrossed Europe, traveling from England to the Balearic Islands in search of inner peace. Although she had a palace built for her on the Greek island of Corfu, she was restless and could not stay in one spot for any length of time. As she grew older, Queen Elizabeth became obsessed with preserving her health and beauty. She even took up fencing at age 50. She had always corseted her waist to an improbably tiny 20 inches, and the tight-lacing could take up to an hour each day. Every castle in which she lived had its own gymnasium, and Elizabeth exercised strenuously. In addition, she was an accomplished horsewoman and became the best-known female equestrian. When gout prevented her from spending hours in the saddle, she would go on long walking tours that could last from six to nine hours. Accompanied by her ladies-in-waiting, of course.
2 She ate quickly and very little, and is said to have lived on a diet of meat juice, milk and egg whites mixed with salt. But there were indications that she sometimes indulged in binge eating in secret, which is probably why she had a spiral staircase built from her bedroom to the kitchen in the English country house she purchased in She slept with a silk beauty mask that contained raw veal. Dressing her extremely long hair took two to three hours a day, and she used the time to learn Modern Greek (in addition to Hungarian, and the French and English she already spoke fluently). Her son Rudolf s suicide with Baroness Maria Vetsera in Mayerling, outside Vienna, in 1889, was the last of a series of blows she had to endure, having lost her own father, mother, and sister as well as Count Andrássy within one year. Understandably, she became depressed and from then on wore only black for the rest of her life. That is how she took part in the millennial celebrations in Budapest in June 1896, where she was described as sitting like a statue of marble pallor. Continuing her travels through Europe, incognito, she was in Switzerland in the fall of Walking on the shore of Lake Geneva with her lady-inwaiting Countess Sztáray Irma, she was stabbed by the Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni. (Lucheni had missed his chance to assassinate Prince Philippe, the Duke of Orléans, and wanted to kill the next royal personage he saw.) Because of the tight corset she was wearing, Elizabeth did not feel the stabbing immediately, and continued walking with Countess Sztáray for another 15 minutes. They boarded a ship where she finally collapsed. Taken to a Geneva hospital, she died on September 10 th, 1898, after receiveing the last rites. None of her subjects mourned Queen Elisabeth more than the Hungarians, who had lost a wonderful and influential friend, their guardian angel. A statue of Queen Elisabeth was set up in Budapest in 1932, in a round building on the Buda side of the Elisabeth Bridge. After that it was moved several times. It is currently located on Döbrentei tér, near the end of the new Elisabeth Bridge. There are numerous other statues of her throughout the country.
3 Snapshots: Gödöllı Erika Papp Faber The castle or manor house of Gödöllı was a present of the Hungarian people to the Imperial Couple at the time of their coronation as King and Queen of Hungary in 1867 (see related story A Date in Hungarian History elsewhere in this issue). Here are some photos taken by Éva Wajda in 2000 as the castle was being renovated. The castle of Gödöllı, located some 20 miles northeast of Budapest, was a present of the Hungarian people to the Imperial Couple at the time of their coronation as King and Queen of Hungary in Originally owned by Bossányi Krisztina, the estate was bought by Grassalkovich Antal, a high official at the imperial court of Vienna, who began to build his palatial residence in He expanded the estate, making it profitable and building row houses for immigrant German artisans. He added many buildings as well as 33 churches, including the shrine at Máriabesnyı. In 1850, a banker bought the estate as an investment, and sold it to a Belgian bank in In March of 1867, the Hungarian state bought it back, and presented it to Franz Josef I and Elizabeth as a coronation present. In 1919, the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic had its military headquarters there. When it was ousted, the Regent, Horthy Miklós took it over. As the Russians occupied Hungary in 1945, Soviet military were stationed there, while part of the mansion was turned into a social welfare home. The mansion was almost totally ruined in the process. Preservation efforts began in Renovation was undertaken, and the mansion has been restored to what it looked like in the 1880 s. It now houses the Empress Elizabeth Exhibition, and is open to the public. But the heirs of Grassalkovich let the estate amass debts, and the place suffered from neglect. Following the victory of Isaszeg during the Freedom Fight of (see the March 2012 issue of Magyar News Online), Kossuth Lajos and his generals held a war council in the castle, and this is where the idea to dethrone the Hapsburgs emerged.
4 St. Stephen s Day in New York Csete of Forestburgh, NY concelebrated the Mass with Msgr.Patrick McCahill, pastor of St. Elisabeth of Hungary parish Manhattan's Upper Eastside. Fr. Juhász spoke of St. Stephen as saint, i.e., someone who used his given talents for the glory of God and the good of his fellow men. We don t have to be kings to become saints; all we have to do is to use the talents we have received in the same manner as St. Stephen used his. Close to 200 people turned out for the dinner following the Mass, to wish Fr. Szlezak all the best on this great double celebration. László Oroszlány, former president of the St. Stephen s Lay Committee, greeted Fr. Szlezak s long service. A young visitor from Hungary, Németh Ádám, recited Vörösmarty s Szózat (Proclamation). Music was provided by Tivadar Papp, and the dancers obviously enjoyed the oldies that he played. We ask God s continued blessings on Imre Atya! Isten éltesse még soká! Magyar News Online 242 Kings Hwy Cut-off Fairfield, CT Editor: Erika Papp Faber Founder, Editor and Publisher Emeritus: Joseph F. Balogh Editorial Board: Eliz Kakas, Judith Paolini Paul Soos, Joseph Ull, Olga Vallay Szokolay Steve Jakab, Éva Wajda Charles Bálintitt Webmaster: Karolina Szabo Assistant Webmaster: Zsuzsa Lengyel Fr. Csete, Fr. Juhász,Fr. Slezak The annual St. Stephen s Day celebration this year was enhanced by the presence of jubilarian Fr. Emeric Szlezak who was observing his 75th anniversary as a Franciscan and his 70th jubilee as a priest. The annual St. Stephen s Day celebration this year was enhanced by the presence of jubilarian Fr. Emeric Szlezak who was observing his 75 th anniversary as a Franciscan and his 70 th jubilee as a priest. Living in retirement now in Florida, he returned for this occasion to New York, where he had served the Hungarian community for what must surely be a record: 41 years. That was followed by 19 years at St. Emery s in Fairfield, CT. The Florida climate is obviously good for him, because his bearing and the smile we know so well certainly belie his 96 years. Fr. Emeric, Fr. Imre Juhász of New Brunswick, NJ and Fr. Ivan László Oroszlányi, Fr. Szlezak responding to the good wishes, Dancers Ildikó and Vass István, Fr. Juhász, Fr. Csete and Fr. Szlezak, Part of the dance floor
5 September Header Only rarely do we give more than a brief identification of our header. This is one of those rare occasions. The original picture was painted by Négler Hermin, nicknamed Minci, daughter of the Budapest wholesale hardware dealer Négler Nándor, in September of Her signature and date are in the lower right hand corner. The reverse side of the small painting she labeled Levelezılap (Postcard), and mailed it from the Budapest central post office to Dr. Papp Antal, to whom she would be married the following year. What makes this little piece of art special is not only its age, but that the artist was my paternal grandmother. imperial army command of the Austro-Hungarian army ordered the transport of one of the military hospitals to Nagykırös, where the wounded French prisoners were treated. Because of the large number of the deceased, the Catholic cemetery of the town was unable to accommodate them. Therefore the town council ordered their burial in a field on the outskirts of the town. This became known as the French Cemetery, but was totally forgotten. According the Nagykırös Vital Records, the number of deceased totaled 200. Unknown to the French Military Command, these soldiers were Napoleon's brave men whose final resting place is located between the Danube and Tisza Rivers, on the outskirts of the town of Nagykırös, in the vicinity of vineyards and the new Catholic cemetery. Eva Wajda is a member of the Magyar News Online Editorial Board. Thomas Peterffy : A Genuine Self-Made Billionaire Olga Vallay Szokolay Many have found America to be the land of opportunity, but only a rare few had the talent to parlay a hundred dollars into billions. Here is a very atypical American (-Hungarian) success story. A Napoleonic Cemetery in Hungary Éva Wajda Seventy-five years ago, an unusual discovery was made in Nagykırös, that brought to mind Háry János and János Vitéz, since both literary heroes had fought in the Napoleonic wars. According to an article in the Nagykırösi Hiradó of November 1939, a French graveyard had been discovered, to the surprise of the population, who had no idea of its existence. As it happened, during the 1809 Napoleonic Wars, the My first wife remained in Hungary, said my husband. So did mine, responded his friend. And my son, too. Mine too! When was your son born? In Mine too! What month? September. Mine too! What day? The Equestrian The 29th. Mine too! shouted my husband at our Stamford, Connecticut home around the year 1960, and the two men started a lively conversation about their sons, both born in Budapest.
6 Both men were dreaming of getting their sons out from Communist Hungary but the possibilities were slim. Coming from one-time gentry families even further limited both boys chances to higher education and, supposedly, to a better life. In a few years, however, the situation eased and older family members were allowed to visit relatives in the West. Yet 20-year olds were more valuable for the workforce and the military. That is why one of the young men of our story, 20-year old Tamás fled illicitly in 1965 to visit his father in New York, with no intention to return. His father, Ferenc (Öcsi) Péterffy, lived in a small apartment with his second wife, Betty (first cousin of Tamás mother), in Queens, NY (one of those with the fire escape in front of the window) and could not accommodate another person. Thus he gave his son one hundred dollars, saying: Now go and make something of yourself! And Tamás, now becoming Thomas, did just that. Ever since he was a little boy, he had dreamed of going to America. He wanted to live the American Dream. Now a young man, he set out to make his dream come true. Not speaking any English but having had some engineering education, he began his career as an architectural draftsman working on highway projects for an engineering firm in New York. There he volunteered to program their newly purchased computer. This became his signature venture since he seemed to have an uncanny talent for the logic and organization of the electronic media. His unusual mathematical mind, bordering on genius, was the vehicle that enabled him to create a career unprecedented in the recent cyber-history of Hungarians. By the early 1970s, Peterffy had saved up enough money to purchase his own seat on the American Stock Exchange to trade equity options. Throughout his whole career he has consistently pushed to replace manual processes with more efficient automated ones. During the trading day he would write code in his head and then, after hours, apply his ideas to computerized trading models. His current company, Interactive Brokers, consisting of many subsidiaries worldwide, has its roots in Peterffy s first company, T.P.&Co. that he founded in A year later it expanded to four employees. In 1982, he formed Timber Hill Inc., initially trading equity options at the AMEX. In 1983, Timber Hill (i.e. Peterffy) created the first hand-held computers for trading. Their introduction, indeed, created a major stir among traders on the trading floor. That same year they began trading at the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and the company expanded to 12 employees. Following this man s professional career from here on makes anyone s head spin. Our hero begins coding a computerized stock index futures and options trading system and every year the company extends to further markets, from New York to Chicago, from the Pacific to Germany. In 1987, Timber Hill has 67 employees that grows to142 in 1992 and expands to Switzerland in the same year. The impressive increase continues into the UK, France, Italy, Spain, Norway, Austria as well as to Hong Kong and Australia. In 1994, the Timber Hill Group LLC is formed as the holding company for all of Timber Hill s operating companies. By the year 1997, Timber Hill boasts 284 employees worldwide. In 2001, the corporate name of the Timber Hill Group LLC is changed to Interactive Brokers Group LLC of which he is CEO as well as Chairman. Today Interactive Brokers headquarters is in Greenwich, Connecticut, and it has approximately 880 employees in its offices in the USA, Switzerland, Australia, Hungary, Russia, Japan, India, China and Estonia. Interactive Brokers Group and its affiliates execute nearly 1,000,000 trades per day. Peterffy is often called the Father of High Speed Trading since he was the initial force in computerizing Wall Street. Being so intensely immersed in business, albeit successfully, takes its toll on marriages. Peterffy is twice divorced with three adult children. But don t have your hopes high, ladies: he has been seeing a lovely Greenwich socialite, Lynn Wheat, for years. An avid equestrian, in 2004 Peterffy purchased an 80-acre horse farm on Conyer s Farm in backcountry Greenwich, for $45 million. It includes a main house with two master suites, six additional bedrooms, a swimming pool, sauna, wine cellar and servants quarters, four guest houses, a caretaker s cottage, two grooms quarters and a horse stable with 22 stalls. This estate has been the stage for many exclusive parties and celebrations including his 65 th birthday bash in 2009 and will no doubt be the backdrop for his 70 th, this September 29 th. A few years ago he also purchased a property known as Blossom Estates in Palm Beach, where his vacation house with an 800+ foot-long boardwalk through the mangroves is being built for him and his guests to watch nature at its best. Peterffy is not enrolled in any political party: he is an independent voter with a moderate Republican overtone. But prior to the 2012 Presidential elections, he purchased millions of dollars worth of airtime to warn voters against impending socialist tendencies of our country in a video that aired on CNN, CNBC and
7 and Bloomberg. The one-minute ad prompted numerous laudatory as well as disapproving comments. One of his most repeated quote, from the ad, is: Socialism is removing Americans will to succeed. Take away their incentive by badmouthing success and you take away the wealth that helps us take care of the needy. Some patently absurd false postings on the Internet claim he was born in 1956, that he is a Jew, that he came to the US in 1956 you name it. An array of condemning, often vitriolic, blogs is appearing daily against the man who could achieve more, much-much more with his rare talent than they did and ever will. What they forget is not only what Peterffy contributes to society by paying his taxes that by now reached about $2 billion in his lifetime, but by assisting millions of investors without whose investments the economy would die. This means that he is not creating all this wealth just for himself to revel in luxury but he actually helps create jobs. Not only in his own offices but in the whole industry. At his age, Peterffy still is totally active in his business. With his newly created Probability Lab he helps his clients understand and participate in business decisions. With his current (August, 2014) net worth of $9 Billion, Peterffy ranks #58 among US billionaires and #139 worldwide. (Forbes) Happy 70 th Birthday, Thomas keep up the good work! *** Remember the introductory conversation? You might ask: Whatever happened to the other boy? Well, lacking Tamás talent, vision and drive, Miklós said he could not leave his mother so he stayed in Hungary where he has been living with his second wife, Zsuzsa, an office manager, and now his mother, 95, is also in their care. They raised two children and have one granddaughter. He is retired from working as a crane operator. Like most Hungarian middle-class families, they live in a modest apartment but travel extensively. He lives in carpe diem style: likes to eat well and enjoys his whiskey. And he claims he is happy. Do you believe in astrology? Are our fates predestined at birth? If so, both men should have had at least similar lives. But one decided to follow his dreams; the other, perhaps, had none. Olga Vallay Szokolay is an architect and Professor Emerita at Norwalk Community College, CT, after three decades of teaching. She is a member of the Editorial Board of Magyar News Online. The Kid With the American Dream, With Lynn Wheat,, Thomas Peterffy, The Timber Hill Days, Interactive Brokers CEO
8 The Bells of Hajdúszoboszló and Much More Charlie Bálintitt Jr. An unusual collection in a somewhat out-of-the-way place may provide an incentive for a future visit. I have to admit that when I was asked to write about the bells of Hajdúszoboszló, I actually hadn t heard of the town or the bells. Of course I had heard of Debrecen and Hajdúszoboszló is only 12 miles southwest of there. So this alone piqued my interest. And as I took a closer look at this beautiful small town I found much more than I could have imagined. The bells, or I should say: The Bell House can be found in Szent István Park. This display of over 40 bells of various sizes was designed by Zoltán Rácz and the collection was gifted to the city by Edit Oborzil. The bells are made of aluminum alloy and were cast with slotting that gives them each a very unique sound. The production of this type of bell was patented by Edit Oborzil and her husband Tibor Jeney. The first of these special bells, the Kölcsey bell, was displayed at an exhibit in Australia in What makes them special is that the slits or slots allow the sound to be adjusted to the listener s taste. Over the years the artistic couple won many international awards for this creation. Edit Oborzil was born in Hajdúszoboszló in 1921 and graduated from high school there, before moving on to Budapest to further her education. She met her husband in Budapest and later they collaborated to create these wonderful aluminum bells. Tibor Jeney died in July of 1995 and soon thereafter Edit also became seriously ill. But before she passed away on February 19 th, 1996 she donated all of her remaining bells to the town of Hajdúszoboszló, most of which can be seen at the Bell House. Hajdúszoboszló has an estimated population of only 23,309, yet there are about 155 places to stay among hotels, apartments and guest houses. The main attraction is the thermal bath(s) and this is why the town is known as the city of wellbeing. The first thermal spring was discovered in October of 1925 and changed the future of this town forever. The bath was opened to the public on July 27, Since then many changes and enhancements have taken place. Today you can visit the Spa, the open-air bath, the Aqua-Park or the Aqua-Palace. Older people flock here for the medicinal value of the thermal springs, which stem from an underground ocean and contain numerous beneficial ingredients, including mostly sodium chloride along with other chemical elements such as ammonium-chloride, bromine, iodine, carbonates, nitrates, lithium, iron and magnesium.families come here for all of the fun water attractions. This includes various pools with all kinds of slides. There is a wave pool and there are children s pools. The open-air bath, known as the Mediterranean seaside, is the largest openair pool in Europe. It is open from May 1 st till September 30th. The Aqua-Park is open from June 1 st till August 31 st and the indoor swimming pool and the thermal baths are open year round. In addition to the main attraction of the water parks, there are some worthwhile special events each year in Hajdúszoboszló. This year on September 6th there is Mutton and Slambuc* Cooking Day at the airport. From September 12 th to the 14 th they will have the Bio Food and Wine Festival. Then from November 7 th to the 9 th will be the Goose Feast of Marton s day. In early March of 2015 they will have the Pig Feast Days and in mid-may the Grilled Food & Beer Festival. All of these events take place in Szent István Park in case you want to see the bells while enjoying the food and drink. There are also a few churches and museums that are worth visiting. So this town is a lot more than just the bells that led me here in the first place. By the way, when I mentioned Hajdúszoboszló to my mother, it brought back a lot of memories. In 1953, at the age of 18, her job took her out of Budapest to the town of Balmazújváros, which is about 10 or 12 miles due north of Hajdúszoboszló. She worked as a surveyor there, going from the town about 9 miles to the survey site by bicycle along with her colleagues. When the ground was muddy, after a good rainfall, they traveled this distance on foot each way with 8 hours of hard work in between. This is also where she bet one of her colleagues, a young gentleman, about the amount of szilvás gombóc they could each consume at one sitting (I should also mention that these were larger than usual plum dumplings of the peasant variety).
9 They each managed to down 24 dumplings when there was just one left. She graciously allowed her colleague to have the last one and win the contest. At the time she was 5 7 and weighed 117 pounds. The next time you visit Hungary, probably taking in Budapest or the Balaton, think about the Debrecen area; you could find much more there than you may have expected. "Slambuc (SHLUM- Butz) is a traditional shephard dish from the Alföld, Hungary' s Great Plain. It was originally made in a cauldron with only a large amount of lebbencs ( a type of flat pasta torn into irregularlyshaped pieces), a bit of pork fat, water and salt. Some newer recipes also called for bacon, vegetables and paprika. Slambuc is a heavy meal, meant to sustain the shepherds." (from the internet) Charlie Bálintitt Jr has a BA in History and an MBA in Management from Wagner College. He is working as Customs Broker in Lawrence, NY and lives in Danbury, CT with his wife, Lily and their cat, Meetsa. The Bell House, The Aqua-Park, Aqua-Palace and the Spa
10 My School Years Ilona Ipkovich Most people start school in kindergarten and go straight through in the same school. This was not the case in Hungary in the wartime years. Here is one person s school path that may seem strange to those who did not live through those days. It s September, and the school gates open again. I remember back 70 years, when I started school. It was September I became a schoolgirl in Szakony. I wasn t so sleepy in the morning, because I couldn t have slept anyway from excitement. Mom got me dressed, in a new dress, high black-and-white patent leather shoes. She combed me. Then she tied an enormous ribbon into my black hair. It could have even passed for a propeller. I couldn t eat my breakfast very well; I hated scalded milk, because there was always a bit of thin skin floating in it. Mom couldn t skim it clear. I preferred porridge. My imagination would go to work: with my spoon I would make a path or a lake in it, with the jam being the fish. But there wasn t much time for creativity. Dad brought the bicycle, and Mom carefully tied a little cushion on the luggage carrier so I wouldn t get blisters on my behind during the two kilometer ride. The village roads were very bumpy, well worn by the horsedrawn and oxen-drawn carts. Pista bácsi, the roadsman (útkaparó, lit. road scratcher), threw one or two spadesful of basalt stones into the holes, so the road would be more bearable for the pedestrians and the bicycle riders. There were no cars. If a car happened to stray into the village, everybody ran out to admire it, or if it had to be pushed, like the one Dr. Szemes had, when on rare occasions he came from Csepreg to see a very sick person. I started in a Lutheran school. The teacher, Horváth Imre, greeted us with a friendly smile. We lived at the end of the village, where there was only one row of houses facing a meadow. So I barely knew the children, and saw only one or two familiar faces of those with whom I had attended kindergarten for two summers. The son of the Reverend was my age, I remembered him. And a few of the other beribboned girls. I swear the mothers must have conspired to see who would tie a larger ribbon into her daughter s hair. We greeted the Reverend with A mighty fortress is our God. I liked school, because I was an only child out at the end of the village where there weren t many children; here I enjoyed the swarm of kids. Meanwhile I was nervous when we played outside at recess we sang A little girl stands in a circle; let s see who will be her partner? would they pick me too? I wasn t very popular; instead the children who lived in the middle of the village chose each other. After school Dad appeared with the cushioned bicycle. I sat proudly in the back. I had survived the first day. Look, everybody, I m already a schoolgirl! I don t know who was prouder, Dad or I. Perhaps he would have been even more proud if a young boy sat in the back. He was happy to have a girl too, but I think that, in the depths of his soul, he would have preferred a boy. After all, a boy is a boy. He carries on the family business. A successor would have been good at the restaurant. The reason I think this is that once, when Mom was washing my hair, Dad said to her that she should sweep my hair back and I would look like little Jóska. I screamed and put up a fight, I didn t want to be little Jóska. I didn t like to have my hair washed, and here they were even dragging out the procedure with such nonsense that they ll be making a boy out of me. Instead, he should have carved me a sibling out of wood, as I had repeatedly asked him. He carved a horse, a dog, a cart, but never a sibling. It must have been some time in early spring; I was playing at the neighbor s, when I became aware of loud crying. It came from our house. The lady from next door called me into the kitchen and said to me, Your Mom is crying because your Dad s draft notice has come. I didn t know what that meant, nobody explained anything. I didn t know why you had to cry because of a draft notice. I didn t know there was a war; I didn t know what war was. I remember when they were taking, in a cart, the Jewish family that owned the store. Mom said they are taking the Hejtlers now. Dad ran out with a loaf of bread and gave it to them, they might need it. I watched from the window. The children sat in the bottom of the cart, only their heads could be seen. I didn t know where they were going, no one told me and I didn t ask. In those days it wasn t customary for children to butt into the affairs of grownups. A few days after the draft notice my parents got up very early. They were going to the railroad station at Csepreg. Mom accompanied Dad. She didn t know then, but I imagine she felt that we would never see him again. They called over the girl from next door, and she started me on my way to school. On foot. After this, I always went on foot. Mom never learned to ride a bicycle because when they were teaching her, she fell headlong and bruised her knees, her arms. Above all, she wouldn t even try a man s bicycle. Then the fighting came closer. Sopron, Szombathely were being bombed. The windows shook. The so-called Sztálin gyertyák (lit. Stalin candles, i.e. target indicating flares) kept falling. We had to blackout the house. Mother always held me tight to her and trembled. Are you afraid? I would ask. No, she would reply, I m just cold. The Russians occupied our village on Good Friday of Five families were together in the cellar. We came up with our hands up. Two Russians with automatic rifles greeted us not very cordially. I didn t hold my hands up and he hit me in the back with his rifle butt. Mom grabbed my arm in alarm and lifted it
11 up. There were many soldiers all over the place. They sat on the side of the ditch, some were even praying, it being Easter. In 1945 we didn t go to school much; we only studied a bit at one or another house. Meanwhile I attended Catholic school. I didn t understand why, but I didn t really care. I had to go a little further, and I didn t much care for the black cassock. Now the greeting was Praised be Jesus Christ. I got used to that too. Teacher Borossay was very good. I went to kindergarten with his son too, we are the same age (he now lives in California). Once the Russian occupation began, the most scary thing was when we started to go to school in the fall. As we walked we would hear a tank or truck coming. They could be heard from far away because the rumble disturbed the quiet of the village. We jumped into the ditch and hid in the water conduit under the bridge while they passed. I still shudder at the thought. Being that the village was close to the border, very many tanks and trucks went through our village. They were going to Austria. Often we also lugged logs of wood. They assigned who would bring them when, so the school could be heated. We had hardly any books. We used slates which squeaked so much when we wrote on them that even today, my teeth hurt when I think of it, and sends chills up and down my spine. I did not like Sunday Mass, because you could not eat before Communion. By the time I got home it was already noon. During the summer I always collapsed because the children had to stand boys on one side, girls on the other. In the Lutheran church everyone could sit, no one stood. Our village was of mixed religions, half and half. I was born Catholic, but was not re-baptized on account of the war. After Dad left, Mom said there is but one God, I should stay Catholic and then choose when I became 18. In September of 1948, I enrolled in the Csepregi Polgári Iskola. This school was even further away, and on top of that, one had to go by way of a meadow path. In the winter, we didn t even know where the path was, because it was overblown by snow. Eight or ten of us went from our village. I liked it better in the winter, because everybody went on foot. In the spring, they went by bicycle, but I didn t have one. In vain Ili with her father Ili with her cousin did Mom remove the tire from the wheel, the liberators took it away even like that. I d like to know how far they got on the rim. We never found it. Buy another one? We didn t even dare dream of it. The school was a very good one. They trained us to be patriotic and honest. We learned needlework, sewing buttons, etc. German was a required language. The German teacher, Aunt Selmecy Jolán also taught home ec. This has stayed with me: she said we kill more bacteria with one ironing than with five washes (of course there were no washing or drying machines back then). It was so imprinted on my mind that I cannot lay down my head if my pillow case has not been ironed. Pastor Fekete Péter taught religion, and then was arrested in connection with the so-called Mindszenty conspiracy. (Cardinal Mindszenty József was arrested in December 1948, accused of conspiracy and other trumped up charges, brainwashed, and in a show trial, was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Communist regime. Ed.) Then the Polgári ceased to exist and became a public school. We still remained there in Csepreg, because the school was very good, with good teachers. They all stayed too. But now, instead of German, we had to learn Russian. Then I went to Sopron, the faithful city (so-called because in the only plebiscite held after World War I in the areas affected by the Treaty of Trianon, Sopron voted to remain with Hungary proper instead of becoming part of Austria. Ed.) and attended the kindergarten teachers training school there. It was by way of a somewhat windy road, because I was not a jó káder (not politically correct. Ed.), or rather, my parents were not. I would like to share a lovely poem with you. I don t know who wrote it, but it was on the souvenir card of our 50 th reunion: For the Reunion It s been half a century since the clock rang for us for graduation. We were hopeful, merry, that s how we went out into the world. To learn, to live, to reach the top, to struggle and sometimes fall, but always starting anew, and not forgetting each other. Now we are here again with white hair, numerous cares and troubles in our bag. Let us rest in our old beautiful place, and let s see who sits in our seats now. When we go on our way again from here, let us ponder our memories. Let us remain wise, merry as alumnae of Sopron.
12 Iskolás éveim Szeptember, megnyílnak újra az iskolák kapui. Visszaemlékezem hetven évre, mikor én kezdtem el az iskolát szeptembert írtunk. Iskolás lettem. Nem is voltam reggel olyan álmos, hisz az izgalomtól úgysem tudtam volna aludni. Anyu felöltöztetett, új ruha, fekete-fehér magas szárú lakk cipı. Megfésült. Egy óriási szalagot kötött a fekete hajamba. Még propellernek is megfelelt volna. Reggelizni nem nagyon tudtam, különben is utáltam a forralt tejet, mert mindig egy kis hártya úszott benne. Anyu nem tudta tisztára leszőrni. Inkább szerettem a darakását. Mőködött a fantáziám, utat csináltam benne a kanalammal, meg tavat, lekvár volt benne a hal. Na de nem volt sok idı a remeklésre. Apu hozta a biciklit. Anyu gondosan egy kis párnát kötött a csomagtartóra, hogy a majdnem két kilométeres úton ne legyen hólyag az alsó felemen. A falusi országutak jó göröngyösek voltak, amit az ökrös és lovas szekerek jól megviseltek. Pista bácsi, az útkaparó (így hívták akkor), dobott egy-két lapátra való bazalt követ a lukakba, hogy elviselhetıbb legyen a bicikliseknek és gyalogosoknak. Autó nem volt. Ha betévedt egy a faluba, mindenki kifutott csodálni, vagy ha meg kellett tolni, mint a Szemes doktorét, mikor néha eljött egy nagy beteghez Csepregbıl. Evangélikus iskolában kezdtem. Horváth Imre tanító úr barátságos mosollyal fogadott minket. Faluvégén laktunk, ahol már csak egy sor ház volt és szemben a mezı. Így nem nagyon ismertem a gyerekeket, csak egy két ismerıs arcot láttam, akikkel két nyáron óvodába jártam. A Tiszteletes úr fia is velem egy idıs volt, rá is emlékeztem. Na meg pár masnis hajú leány gyerekre. Esküszöm, a mamák összebeszéltek, hogy ki köt nagyobb masnit a lánya hajába. Tiszteletes úrnak mindig úgy köszöntünk, hogy Erıs vár a mi Istenünk. Szerettem az iskolát, mivel egyke voltam kint a falu végén ahol nem volt sok gyerek, itt élveztem a gyerek sereget. Közben izgultam is mikor szünetben kint játszottunk énekeltük hogy Körben áll egy kis lányka, lássuk ki lesz a párja? vajon választanak- e engem is. Nem voltam nagyon kapós, inkább a gyerekek egymást között akik ismerték egymást a falu közepébıl. Tanítás után Apu megjelent a párnás biciklivel. Én büszkén feszítettem hátul. Túl éltem az elsı napot. Én már iskolás vagyok, idenézzetek. Nem tudom ki volt büszkébb, Apu vagy én. Lehet, hogy még büszkébb lett volna ha egy fiú gyermek ül hátul. Örült a lányának is, de gondolom a lelke mélyén egy fiút jobb szeretett volna. Mégis csak a fiú az fiú. Viszi a családi üzletet tovább. Jó lett volna egy utánpótlás a vendéglıben. Ezt onnan gondolom, hogy egyszer mikor Anyu mosta a hajamat, Apu mondta neki, hogy simítsa hátra és akkor úgy nézek ki mint a kis Jóska. Én meg ordítva ellenkeztem, hogy nem akarok kis Jóska lenni. Úgy sem szerettem hajat mosni, és még húzzák az idıt ilyen marhasággal, hogy fiút csináljanak belılem. Inkább faragott volna egy testvért fából amire többször kértem. Lovat, kutyát, szekeret faragott, de testvért azt nem. Valamikor kora tavasszal lehetett, játszottam a szomszédban és hangos sírásra lettem figyelmes. Tılünk jött. A szomszéd néni behívott a konyhába és mondta, hogy Anyukád sír, mert megjött a behívó Apukádnak. Én nem tudtam mit jelent, senki nem magyarázott meg semmit. Nem tudtam, hogy miért kell egy behívóért sírni. Nem tudtam, hogy háború van, nem tudtam, hogy mi az a háború. Arra emlékszem, mikor a boltos zsidó családot vitték szekéren. Anyu mondta, hogy most viszik a Hejtleréket. Apu kiszaladt egy kenyérrel, odaadta nekik, hátha szükségük lesz rá. Én az ablakból néztem, a szekér aljában ültek a gyerekek, csak a fejük látszott. Nem tudtam hova mennek, nem mondták én meg nem kérdeztem. Akkor nem volt szokás belekotyogni a felnıttek dolgába. Behívó után pár napra, reggel nagyon korán keltek szüleim, mentek a csepregi vasút állomásra. Anyu kisérte el Aput. Akkor még nem tudta, de gondolom megérezte, hogy többet nem látjuk. Hozzám a szomszéd lányt hívták át, ı indított útnak. Gyalog. Ezután már mindig gyalog mentem. Anyu soha sem tanult meg biciklizni, mert mikor tanították, elvágódott, összeverte térdét, karját. Pláne férfi biciklit meg sem próbálta. Aztán közeledett a harc. Bombázták Sopront, Szombathelyt. Rezegtek az ablakok. Hulltak a Sztálin gyertyák. Be kellett sötétíteni. Anyu mindig magához szorított és remegett. Kérdeztem Félsz? Nem, csak fázom, mondta Nagypéntekén foglalták el falunkat az oroszok. Öt család volt együtt a pincében. Jöttünk fel feltartott kezekkel. Két orosz géppuskával a pince ajtóban üdvözölt bennünket nem valami szívélyesen. Én nem tartottam fel a kezem és hátba vágott a puskatussal. Anyu rémülten elkapta a karomat és felemelte. Sok-sok katona volt szanaszét. Ültek az árokparton, volt aki imádkozott húsvét lévén. 45- ben már nem nagyon jártunk iskolába, csak tanulgattunk hol az egyik, hol a másik háznál. Közben katolikus iskolába mentem. Nem értettem miért, de nem sokat törıdtem vele igazán. Egy kicsit messzebb kellett menni, és a fekete reverendát nem nagyon szerettem. Most úgy köszöntünk, hogy Dícsértessék a Jézus Krisztus. Na ezt is megszoktam. Borossay tanító úr nagyon jó volt. Az ı fiával is jártam óvodába, egy idısek vagyunk (most ı Kaliforniában él). A legfélelmetesebb volt az orosz elfoglalás után, mikor ısszel kezdtünk iskolába járni. Ahogy mentünk hallottuk, hogy jön tank vagy teherautó. Messzirıl lehetett hallani mert a dübörgés felverte a
13 falu békés csendjét. Mi az árokba ugráltunk és a híd alatt a vízelfolyó kürtbe bújtunk el amíg elhaladtak. Erre a gondo latra még most is megrázkódok. A határhoz közeli falu lévén nagyon sok tank, teherautó ment át a falunkon. Mentek Ausztriába. Sokszor hasábfát is cipeltünk. Be volt osztva, ki mikor viszi, hogy legyen főtés az iskolában. Könyvünk alig volt. Palatáblát használtunk, ami úgy csikorgott mikor írtunk rá, hogy még ma is fáj a fogam ha rágondolok, meg a hátam is borsódzik. Vasárnapi misét nem szerettem, nem szabadott enni áldozás elıtt. Mire hazaértem már dél volt. Nyáron meg mindig össze estem mert állni kellett a gyerekeknek, a fiúk az egyik oldalon, a lányok meg a másik oldalon. Az evangélikus templomban mindenki leülhetett, senki sem állt. Falunk vegyes vallású volt, fele-fele. Én katolikusnak születtem, nem lettem átkeresztelve a háború miatt. Miután Apu elment, Anyu azt mondta, hogy egy Isten van, maradjak katolikus és majd 18 éves koromban választhatok, ha akarok szeptemberben pedig a Csepregi Polgári Iskolába iratkoztam be. Az iskola még messzebb volt, ráadásul mezei úton kellett menni. Télen azt sem tudtuk, hol az út mert befújta a szél hóval. Nyolcan-tízen jártunk a falunkból. Télen jobban szerettem menni, mert mindenki gyalog ment. Tavasszal biciklivel mentek, de nekem nem volt. Anyu hiába szedte le a gumit a kerékrıl, így is elvitték a felszabadítóink. Szeretném tudni meddig mentek az abroncson. Soha nem találtuk meg. Venni egy másikat? Még álmodni sem mertünk róla. Nagyon jó iskola volt a polgári. Hazaszeretetre és becsületre neveltek minket. Tanultunk kézimunkázni, gombot varrni, stb. A német nyelv kötelezı volt. A német tanárnı, Selmecy Jolán néni, tanította a háztartást. Még most is velem maradt. Azt mondta, egy vasalással több bacilust ölünk meg mint öt mosással (persze akkor még nem volt mosó és szárító gép). Úgy megmaradt bennem, hogy le nem tudnám hajtani a fejemet ha nem lenne kivasalva a párnahuzatom. Fekete Péter plébános tanította a hittant, akit aztán letartoztattak az úgynevezett Mindszenty összeesküvéssel kapcsolatban. Azután a polgári megszünt és általános iskola lett. Azért ott maradtunk mind a csepregi iskolában, mert nagyon jó iskola volt jó tanítókkal. İk is mind maradtak. Most német helyett orosz nyelvet kellett tanulni. Aztán Sopronba, a hőség városába kerültem az óvónıképzıbe. Kicsit kanyargós úton mert nem voltam jó káder, ill. szüleim nem voltak azok. Szeretnék egy szép verset megosztani. Nem tudom ki írta, de ez volt az emléklapon az 50.-ik találkozónkon. Találkozóra Fél évszázada, hogy az óra Nekünk kondul meg ballagóra. Reménykedık voltunk vidámak, Úgy vágtunk neki a világnak. Tanulni, élni, csúcsra jutni küzdeni és néha elbukni, de mindig mindig újra kezdve s egymásról sem elfeljtkezve. Most újra itt vagyunk ısz hajjal, batyunkban számos gonddal, bajjal. Pihenjünk régi szép helyünkön s nézzük kik ülnek székünkön. Ha útra kelünk ismét innen tőnıdjünk el emlékeinken. Maradjunk meg bölcsnek, vidámnak soproni öreg diáknak. Ilona (Bögöthy) Ipkovich became a certified kindergarten teacher in the so-called border strip in (The border strip was the area adjoining the Austrian border, and access to it was tightly restricted by the Communist government for fear that people would leave the country.) After she and her husband Frank Ipkovich came to the States in 1957, Ilona taught at the Saturday Hungarian School in New Brunswick, NJ for several years. Frank worked for the National Can Co., which brought them to Connecticut. They were among the founders of the Danbury Hungarian Club. On the Way to the Trenches By: Paletta In this centennial year, when we recall the outbreak of World War I, we might wonder what it was really like for the soldier on the battlefield. In a handwritten family publication which appeared in 1921, I have come across a description by a soldier who had been there. This piece is taken from the first and the last of a series of four about his military experience. He signed them only as Paletta. It seems more than likely that this pseudonym was used by one of my Dad s friends, Éliás Gyızı, who was also a talented painter. The illustrations here are his own.
14 Szilvás túrós lepény Hozzávalók: 1, 5 kg szilva 25 dkg túró 15 dkg margarine - szobahımérsékleten 20 dkg porcukor 4 tojás 1 tasak vaníliás cukor 2 dl tejföl 1 citrom reszelt héja 25 dkg liszt 1 mokkáskanál ırölt fahéj 3 evıkanál kristálycukor Elkészítés: A szilvát megmossuk, lecsepegtetjük, félbevágjuk, kimagozzuk. Burgonyanyomón áttörjük a túrót. A sütıt 350 fokra elımelegítjük. A tepsit kibéleljük sütıpapírral. A margarint, egy csipet sóval habosra keverjük, hozzáadjuk a porcukrot, és tovább habosítjuk. A túróval összedolgozzuk. Hozzáadjuk a tojásokat, a vaníliás cukrot, a tejfölt, a reszelt citromhéjat, a lisztet, és sima tésztává kidolgozzuk. A tésztát kezünkkel a tepsibe nyomkodjuk úgy, hogy egy kis pereme is legyen. A szilvával kirakjuk a tészta tetejét úgy, hogy a szilvák héjas fele kerüljön a tésztára. A kristálycukrot összekeverjük a fahéjjal, és megszórjuk vele a szilvát. A sütıben kb. 45 perc alatt megsütjük. A tepsiben hagyjuk kihőlni. Tálaláskor megszórjuk porcukorral, és nagyobb szeletekre vágva kínáljuk. Did you know.../ Kicsi a világ Paul Soos Would you believe Jose Jimenez is Hungarian? Then, would you believe that Bill Dana who played Jose Jimenez wrote the catch phrase Would you believe for fellow Hungarian, Don Adams TV character Maxwell Smart? I was watching a rerun of Get Smart on cable s MeTV recently. Get Smart was a TV program spoofing the secret agent/spy genre that was so popular at that time. The program debuted in 1965 and had five very successful seasons. The lead character was Maxwell Smart, a bumbling agent whose comical ineptitude caused all sorts of problems. Smart s loyalty and dedication, however were never in question and his heart was always in the right place. Somehow, with lots of luck and help from his ever faithful partner (Agent 99, whom he eventually married) every situation he and 99 encountered reached a happy and successful conclusion. Maxwell Smart was played by Don Adams who was born Donald James Yarmy to a Hungarian father and American mother. He changed his name to Adams so he would be further up in the alphabet when talent agencies would call. Don Adams, a veteran of WWII where he was wounded while serving with the Marines on Guadalcanal, was a very gifted comedian who began his career doing stand- up routines and was a regular on The Bill Dana Show before he became Maxwell Smart. As Smart, he had a very distinctive voice which embellished many catch phrases that he introduced into the American lexicon. Among the best of these phrases are: Would you believe, Missed it by that much, and, of course, Sorry about that, Chief. Fans of this series also remember the running gags such as the Shoe Phone that would always ring at the most inopportune times and the Cone of Silence that never did provide the intended security for secret conversations. In the closing credits of the episode I was watching, I noticed that the theme song was composed and conducted by Irving Szathmary, another Hungarian perhaps. After research, I found that he was, indeed, born Isadore Szathmary to an Hungarian father and American mother. I also found out from his bio that he was full brother to Bill Dana! Bill Dana was born William Szathmary and changed his name because he felt Szathmary would be too hard to pronounce. A decorated combat infantryman during WWII, Dana rose to fame as his alter ego, Jose Jimenez.. Jose Jimenez was a bumbling, very likeable Spanish guy who fractured the English language and was so popular that he eventually had his own TV show. Prior to the show, he had 17 guest appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show and frequently guested on all the main variety shows of the time, including The Danny Thomas Show, The Spike Jones Show, and The Imogene Coca Show. But, Jimenez first appeared on The Steve Allen Show where Bill Dana was a comedy writer. In fact, comedy writing was Dana s main forte. He wrote for many of the big names and comedy shows of the era and he even wrote one of the most famous scripts for All in the Family, Sammy s Visit featuring Sammy Davis, Jr. Dana wrote routines and one liners for Don Adams well before either one of them were known and, in fact, was the creator of Would you believe!!! Would you believe that our editor assigned either a Kicsi A Vilag or a Did You Know for me to write for this issue of MNO. I m not quite sure where this article fits. Sorry about that, Chief! Paul Soos is a retired US Air Force officer and a member of the MNO editorial board.
ANGOL NYELVI SZINTFELMÉRŐ 2008 A CSOPORT A feladatok megoldására 60 perc áll rendelkezésedre, melyből körülbelül 15 percet érdemes a levélírási feladatra szánnod. Sok sikert! 1. Válaszd ki a helyes megoldást.
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